Make your own flower and vegetable seeds

Make your own flower and vegetable seeds


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For those who take pleasure in cultivating their garden and listening to the cycles of nature, collecting seeds is an unmissable event! Because a garden or a vegetable patch does more than nourish our palates and our eyes. They also offer us the material to renew this experience the following year. So why not enjoy it ? With the key, the pleasure of saving money, preserving and sharing varieties. Please note that not all varieties can be preserved by collecting and sowing seeds. F1 hybrids, for example, are the result of rigorously controlled crosses between two plants, the most interesting characteristics of which one wishes to combine (resistance to one disease of one, precocity of the other for example). In the second generation, this combination is lost and sowing from seeds taken from F1 hybrids may result in plants with a lower yield or having only the character of one of the two mother plants! F1 hybrid seeds will therefore have to be purchased annually. Conversely, by favoring the old varieties, you will be able to reproduce your species yourself. Seed companies such as Kokopelli or the Ferme de Sainte-Marthe offer fabulous catalogs rich in varieties that have proven themselves for decades or even hundreds of years! Once the initial investment has passed (a few euros per sachet of seeds), you can harvest the following on your crops and thus renew your garden year after year, without losing money! Difficulty : easy Tools required : - envelopes or jars

Step 1 - To make your seeds, wait for the right time

The right time is of two kinds: when the seeds are ripe and when the weather is favorable, this to guarantee the reliability of the seed and its conservation. Take your samples on a beautiful sunny day, once the morning dew has evaporated.
How to recognize that a seed is ripe? For vegetables, it is often when the fruit is ready to be eaten. For flowers, when the seed is dry and comes off on its own. Note that the seed harvest is spread out throughout the summer, depending on the varieties.
For each plant from which you wish to recover the seed, watch it and do not delay too long, because some are designed as small seed reservoirs which will thus spill, once ripe, at the first gale (poppy, silenus ...). It will then be too late to recover them, nature will have done the sowing for you, but according to its own inspiration!

Step 2 - Select the plants

It is important to choose beautiful subjects to have seeds which will in turn give birth to beautiful flowers or beautiful vegetables! Choose ripe, early, disease-free fruits from healthy plants ... and tasty! For a tomato, nothing prevents you from biting a piece of it before you decide to harvest the seeds.

Step 3 - Sort the seeds

The next two steps do not apply to all varieties. You will have to sort the seeds of flowers when they are mixed with dried petals, as in the case of marigolds for example. Sorting seeds requires patience and thoroughness because of their small size! For the followers of the patience school, sorting can be done by hand, attracting the good seeds towards you and pushing dry waste on the other side.
Sorting can also be done in a colander in some cases.
Finally, you can choose not to sort and resow everything (the seeds and their envelopes) when the time comes. Certainly we see less clear at the time of sowing with the risk of sowing sometimes too clear, sometimes too tight, but the following steps (aeration, transplanting) will do the rest!

Step 4 - Clean the seeds

This step particularly concerns the seeds of the tomato which are surrounded by a sticky film which must be removed or dried to ensure the good conservation of the seeds. To do this, take the seeds in a container, add water and let stand. Fermentation will take place. Mix well to finish releasing the seeds from their husk. Filter the preparation to collect the seeds, rinse them and let them dry well before storing them until the following spring.
A faster method is to space the seeds on a sheet of absorbent paper that will be left to dry in the sun. When the time comes, just cover all or part of this leaf with potting soil. The paper will degrade very quickly without hampering seed growth. It's as simple as that !
Even more basic, a method dictated by the observation of nature or more particularly of the compost pile in which, because of the food waste it receives, spontaneous sowing is numerous: leave beautiful ripe tomatoes in the ground; the flesh will naturally degrade on contact with the elements and the seeds will reseed themselves according to the calendar that suits them best!

Step 5 - Dry the seeds

If the seeds are not completely dry but the sunny days are over, pick your plants and finish drying indoors. This is the case with beans and aromatics which will end up drying upside down in your cellar or garden shed.

Step 6 - Label the seeds

At the time, we know what we are picking… but what about a few weeks or months later? On your envelopes or jars, indicate the variety if you know it, or failing that the criteria that will serve as benchmarks (taste, earliness, name of the person from whom you keep this seed ...). Also indicate the date because the seeds do not all have the same germination time.

Step 7 - Store the seeds ... or share them!

Proper conservation of seeds requires storage in a dry, temperate place and away from light. Store your seeds in envelopes, jars ... or any other small container that closes and to which you will give a new life!
If your seed harvest far exceeds your needs, if you have rare or particularly beautiful and delicious varieties, share it with other gardeners! The simplest barter of seeds is from hedge to hedge, between neighbors. But other channels exist: networks of specialized journals, forums, sites for enthusiasts, grants for local plants ... Share, there will always be something left!



Comments:

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  2. Dalziel

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  3. Shafiq

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  4. Krany

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  5. Berowalt

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  6. Taushicage

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