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My father always said to me: " You must at least plant a tree in your life! "Even if it seems little, too many still have never experienced the pleasure of planting a tree. Think that he may be by your side throughout your life? He will grow with you , will accompany your childhood memories, will reassure you by its future presence. A tree can become your best friend, it is a faithful partner to which you can entrust your greatest secrets, it will refresh your summer naps with its shade, its long arms will will protect from the wind and it will sometimes nourish you. The trees are planted from November to March, before the spring departure. A being as useful as disinterested deserves some efforts on our part. Difficulty : way Cost : The price of a tree Tools required: - a spade - a stake - compost or compost
Step 1 - Choose a location
If there is one step that should not be overlooked, it is that of choosing a location suitable for the tree. Imagine your tree in 20 or 30 years. A tree will grow in height. In France, electrical and telephone wires are in the air, think about it! But there is an even greater risk, linked to the development of the roots. To avoid any problem, respect the recommended distances. In the case of certain maples, willows, poplars or elms planted too close to the house (less than 15 meters), you may see the ground rise or the walls crack. Also think of the pipes! You understood, a tree requires space!
Step 2 - Dig!
Dig a hole at least equal to the width of the roots (double the width of the root ball if it is in a pot). In general, the poorer your soil, the more you will need to make a large hole in preparation for the compost supply. Our subject is very small, but a larger one would require a larger hole. It is not uncommon to have to dig holes of a meter in diameter and more to almost as much depth, and in this case the pickaxe may be necessary. If you don't have compost or decomposed manure, separate the topsoil from the topsoil, as the latter will be placed later at the bottom of the hole to feed the roots.
Leave the hole in the open air for a few days to a few weeks so that the walls and the bottom loosen.
Step 3 - Enrich the earth
If the soil is of poor quality, replace the topsoil layer (the one above) at the bottom of the hole to which you will have added potting soil or well decomposed compost. You can also put a suitable fertilizer at this time to favor the recovery of the tree.
Step 4 - Pamper the roots
If the tree is bare root, balance the root system by pruning the ends slightly. Remove damaged or dead roots. This will allow the start of new rootlets (very small roots).
Make a mound at the bottom of the hole and spread the sloping roots down on each side.
Step 5 - Position the tree
The grafting point must remain above ground, as it is the weak point of the tree. Buried, it could rot or even make new roots from the graft. Something that should be avoided, because these are the characteristics of the rootstock (better resistance to diseases, adaptability to the type of soil, etc.) that the tree needs for its development.
In the case of a fruit tree, place the grafting point just above the ground (about 5 cm).
Step 6 - Place the tutor
If the tree is small, plant a stake in the hole slightly offset from the central axis then place the tree in the center.
Temporarily attach the tree to the stake so that your hands are free when you are going to fill the earth hole.
Step 7 - Fill the hole
Fill the hole with soil by sprinkling it between the roots to avoid any risk of air pocket. To do this, pack the earth around the trunk as you fill the hole. Do not tamp with the foot to avoid damaging the roots.
Step 8 - Tutor
It may be necessary to stake depending on the holding of the tree. In this case, support the tree, taking care not to damage the bark, which is very fragile in small animals. Protect the bark from the shearing caused by the wire by wrapping around a felt, a plastic sheath, a foam, a rubber, etc. Do not overtighten so as not to hinder the growth of the tree. If the tree begins to tilt due to the wind, place the stake opposite the wind, at an angle to counter its effects. If despite this the tree does not grow straight, there remains the guying technique. To do this, plant in the ground at least three stakes distributed evenly around the trunk, and connect them to the branches (at the fork, the place where the branches leave) with wire. Stretch the wires, but not too much so as not to distort the tree and always remember to protect the bark.
Step 9 - Water
Finish by forming a bowl around the trunk to promote watering. Water copiously, but not too often.
Step 10 - Service
Mulch at the base of the tree and remove weeds during the first years of its growth, as these could hinder root development and / or extract nutrients from the soil that the tree might lack.