All about sun plants

All about sun plants


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If you live in a sunny region with arid soil and a dry climate in your garden, the sun plants are made for you. In fact, choosing plants adapted to the climatic conditions of your place of residence is the guarantee of healthy plantings and plants that thrive peacefully over the years. With perennial, climbing or succulent plants, a wide variety of sun plants is available to you.

What are sun plants?

Sun plants are very drought tolerant plants which, as their name suggests, need a large amount of sun, direct or prolonged, to grow. Another peculiarity, they consume almost no water and require very little care. No wonder they are also called camel plants. Robust, they have deep roots that detect the slightest drop of water and thus manage to make reserves, useful in hot weather.

Sun plants: which ones to choose?

- Climbing plants Very pretty as an ornament on the stone walls of typical Provencal farmhouses for example, they vigorously scale arbors or fences, adapt to any poor soil and are delightfully exposed to the rays of the sun. Among them may be cited honeysuckle, bignone, passionflower, three-colored nasturtium, bougainvillea.
- Perennial plants These plants, which can live for several years and produce several blooms, are often resistant. Among them, there are several species that only thrive in full sun: yarrow, lavender, columbine, cistus, santolines, coronillas, forecastles, begonias, aubrietes, sagebrushes. - Succulents Better known as succulents, they survive only in arid environments. They store water through their leaves, stems and roots and thus support periods of great drought. Aloes, lithops, euphorbias, aeoniums, agaves, echeverias are among the most famous and robust succulent species. - Other plants complete the list: in the family of trees and shrubs, we can mention the olive tree, oleander, eucalyptus, mimosa, rosemary.

Sun plants: what maintenance?

To take care of these drought-tolerant plants, care must be taken not to have a heavy hand on watering. With excess water, their roots will mold and their leaves will turn yellow. This is why you can water deeply (that is, in large quantities) at the time of planting and during the months that follow. Then put your vegetable on a dry diet (no watering or only once a month). In order to live, sun plants also need well-drained soil, that is, aerated soil, which does not retain water and which filters moisture. It can even be very poor stony soil and it is not uncommon to see some of these plants grow lopsided on a low wall or rocks. To change the nature of your soil and drain it, mix sand or gravel with your soil; this helps its irrigation. Autumn is the ideal season for planting. Many sun plants are in "summer sleep" in the hot season and leave more quickly in autumn.

Sun plants: how to do in winter?

No watering planned of course during this season but a protection of plants which will dread humidity, wind as much as extreme temperatures. You can protect the sun plants from frost and cold with a mineral mulch (pebbles, gravel, etc.) to be placed at their feet. Another advantage is to promote soil drainage. As for shrubs and large plants, protect them with a winter veil that lets air and light filter through.

And for the south-facing balcony?

A south-facing balcony is, in other words, a balcony which benefits from heat and light without interruption. An asset, provided you choose the species that will be able to resist this maximum sunshine. For a balcony where space is necessarily limited, let yourself be tempted by compositions of different varieties, gathered in the same large pot, like terracotta pottery. With sand, earth and gravel, you can arrange a small corner of rock garden and adorn it with plants such as lavender, yarrow and santolina. To know more : www.societedesjardinsmediterraneens.org